Bibliography -Outdoor Work- Economy and Legalisation

Anonymous. (2012). The Gamekeeper: Professional Countryside Manager. Available: Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

 ‘The British Association for shooting and Conservation’ website includes text which helps the understanding of an outdoor worker.  I feel there is relevant information within this article as it contains information on economy. This article explains the vast amount of hectares that Gamekeepers have to cover, which works out to be 1,460 hectares per Gamekeeper within the UK. The article then explores the qualities of the Gamekeeper which includes their input of their own money .This helps to understand that Gamekeepers are struggling with economy by having to reduce workers and feed their own hard earned money into their work and society.

Cheryl Hewitt. (2012). Road Workers. Available: Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

This website contains the skills and offers given to this companies workers. This information is relevant because it allows room to discover what is missed and what legalisations are beneficial and could be further developed.

Anonymous. (2012). The Outdoor Recreation Economy. Available: Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

This website is full of information regarding outdoor workers. It contains economy information statistics and facts. This article explains that within the USA there are many goals to improve the outdoor workplace as the writer explains the potential of economy, social and health benefits of outdoor recreation.  This article further explains its relevance within outdoor workers as there is a general goal to demand for highly skilled outdoor workers especially in areas like technology. ‘Americans spend nearly as much on snow sports ($ 853 billion) As they do on internet access ($54 billion)’.

Anonymous. (.). Work Equipment. Available: Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

 This website contains information regarding legalisation within working environments and information about equipment and training. I find this useful as it covers information within many jobs and contains ways to improve and to look into legalisation.

Anonymous. (.). Industry Topics- Road Worker Safety. Available: Last accessed 20th Oct 2012.

This article expresses the problems which many wish to tackle within road worker safety to lower the risks of the workers. This information is relevant as it discusses laws. The hopes of many road workers are to change the law of road users in order to improve workers safety. There are ideas of approaching the government to make new laws and adapting the environment which road workers work in.

Pinsent Mason. (2010). Legal news and guidance from Pinsent Masons. Available: Last accessed 20th Oct 2012.

This article contains information about legalisation and ideas that should be taken forward to become the new laws of today. I find this article beneficial not because of its direct relevance to outdoor work but because of the ideas it triggers off. Laws should be enforced to ensure that outdoor workers do not have to work in difficult temperatures or an idea to be developed which would help this issue.



Outdoor Workers: Clothing .  Bibliography

Article by Charlie Norton- ‘The man who fell to Earth: The daredevil who freefalls from space’
(October 2012) –

This article is about Felix Baumgartner who freefalls 23 miles from space. Although most of the article isn’t very relevant to the usual clothing for outdoor workers, it talks about the survival suit he wore. It explains the different parts of the suit which were taken into consideration for the environment he would be in. I feel this is relevant to us, as no matter the condition, outdoor workers should have the right clothing to suit the environment.


Article by Ian Sample- ‘Spray-on Clothing Becomes A Reality’ (September 2010) –

This article talks about the fashion designer, Manel Torres, who has teamed with scientists at Imperial College London and invented spray on fabric. As it is quick to spray onto the body, I felt this article is relevant to us as this spray on fabric could be twisted in a way which makes it useful for outdoor workers- for example, making it waterproof.


Article by – ‘The Soul Drysuit’ (April 2012) –

This article talks about the new ‘Soul Drysuit’ which has been put through many different intensive tests on the different aspects of the drysuit. They have investigated their older products and made many new improvements to them and produced this new, improved product. This article is relevant to us as it is a product for offshore workers; we are not just looking at onshore workers. It is a very good piece for anyone who spends all day on the water.


Article by Soldier Systems- ‘US Army Camouflage Improvement Effort Still Going Strong’ (June 2012) –

This article talks of how the US Army is trying to improve the visual aspect of the uniform and also lower the cost of it. This article is relevant as it highlights that not only is wearability an issue for people, but also is the cost can be an issue.


Article by Amby Burfoot – ‘New Study Favors Forefoot Strike’ (June 2012)  –

This article is about the study of the injuries obtained from normal trainers, compared to the decrease in injuries when wearing minimalist shoes.  This article is relevant to us as it is a study on improving the comfort and decreasing the many injuries outdoor workers who are constantly on their feet can suffer from.


Article by Charles Parsons – ‘Indura Ultrasoft Flame Resistant Fabrics’ (March 2010)-

Safety is a big issue when working outdoors such as with electricity. Clothing can help to prevent burns and safety issues by improving their durability and using the right fabrics.  This article relates to us as it talks of how they are improving the fabrics used by outdoor workers by improving the comfort, durability, wash stability and most importantly- protection.


(Bibliography) How weather affects outdoor workers.


Aimee Hosler. (September 19, 2012). Office Temperatures Affect Worker Productivity. Available: Last accessed 19/10/12.

Weather not only affects outdoor workers, this article talk about how temperature could also affect office workers and productivity.

 CUPE. (AUG 28, 2011). Cold weather hazards. Available: Last accessed 19/10/12.

This articles talks about how cold is rightly regarded by many workers as a hazard. Lowering of temperatures either outdoors or indoors causes not only general physical discomfort, but a loss of dexterity, energy and alertness. It can also lead to severe physical damage and death.

ks1resources. (2006). PDF How does the weather affect people and their jobs?. Available: Last accessed 19/10/12.

These document slides are extracts from actual letters from real people in real jobs helping  Y2 children with their “how weather affect us” topic .Their replies were in response to individual letters sent out by each child in the class.

Lee, Jooa Julia; Gino, Francesca; Staats, Bradley R.. (July 2012).Rainmakers: Why Bad Weather Means Good Productivity. Available: Last accessed 19/10/12.

Most people believe that bad weather conditions reduce productivity. In this research the authors predict and find just the opposite. Using empirical data the research demonstrates that weather conditions influence one’s  own cognition and focus. For indoor work contexts. worker productivity is higher on bad rather than good weather days by reducing the potential for cognitive distractions

Richard Kithil, President & CEO, NLSI. (July 2012). Good Lightning Shelters For Outdoor Workers. Available: Last accessed 19/10/12.

temporary shelters solutions for outside workers.Sudden thunderstorms may bring an urgency for outdoor workers to cease work and quickly relocate to refuge. Metal shipping containers (also known as Conex containers or MilVans) can be easily modified to become cheap, effective, portable, and rapidly deployable shelters to protect the workers.

 WLWT News 5. (07/12/2010). Outdoor Workers Cope With Frigid Cold.Available: Last accessed 19/10/12. WESH 2 News. ( 14/06/2010). Heat Tough On Outdoor Workers.Available: Last accessed 19/10/12.

A couple of videos extracted from the news, showing how outdoor workers face problems under cold and hot temperatures.


Literary Review on the effects the work environment has on workers.

Relationships between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being by R. B. Briner talks about how different factors in the workplace can affect the workers. It talks about how the physical work environment can affect the worker in different ways, some more apparent than others. Worry about safety and social interaction can affect the worker psychologically as well as stress caused by noise. It also talks about how many factors outside of work can affect the worker during the work period. The main focus of the article is in fact on how stress caused by variable factors at work can badly affect the psychological well-being of employees and therefore it would be beneficial for employers to pay attention to the factors which contribute to stress. Employers with make the workplace less stressful would benefit greatly as it would increase productivity among there staff and ergo they would have a more successful workforce which can’t help but lead to a more successful company.

It talks about several psychological models and how they are used to look at the psychological well-being of workers and how they are affected. The article uses these to back itself up, so it isn’t just one person’s opinion. Though it also suggests that these models aren’t all conclusive and that they all have limitations and therefore there is no way of understanding the relationship between work environment, the psychological environment and psychological well-being quite fully. The writer also uses a lot of references to back himself up so we can be sure that he isn’t just writing on opinion alone. And although the article is extensive, it lacks depth in all of the points it makes which makes it hard to follow and the reader lacks a full knowledge of the subject.


A Literature Review of the Effects of Natural Light on Building Occupants by L. Edwards and P. Torcellini talks about the many benefits that companies get from installing daylight technology. The article says that having daylight in the office increases employee health by decreasing headaches, SAD and eyestrain. It also suggests that plants in the office or views of natural landscape lowers blood pressure as it helps them to relax and increases employee attentiveness. Workers take less time off work, have more job satisfaction and motivation and because of this more people want to work in the buildings with the increased daylight. Daylight increases attention and alertness which increases productivity. Companies using daylight technology save money because employees work more effectively, take fewer sicks days and stay at the company longer. The cost of installing daylight technology into the workplace or building offices with more windows is less than the company would save and make from doing this, so it is far more cost affective than leaving workplaces as they are. The article also says that a lack of windows can lead to feelings of isolation, claustrophobia and depression.

However the article also says that companies can use daylighting wrongly and that it can effect the worker badly. If the light is too bright it can cause glare and over heating. Employees need to be comfortable to work well so lighting that is either too high or low reduce comfort greatly and therefore reduce productivity.

The article uses a lot of examples of real companies to back up it’s points so it is reliable as a source. However the article repeats itself a lot and gives a lot of examples which, although they prove it’s point, the number of examples are unnecessary and just bulk it out without giving any more insight into what the article is talking about.


It is clear from these two articles that the environment an employee works in greatly effects the worker. Whether it is the lighting or the stress brought on by the workplace, the worker is effected in a number of ways. The first article could have gone into it’s examples more but the second maybe gave too many detailed examples which were unnecessary. The workplace can effect the worker enough to hinder or enhance the work satisfaction and therefore the productivity of the worker. If companies took in how much the work environment and daylight effects the worker and changed the workplace to improve it with these factors in mind they would have happier, more productive workers and they would make more money and be more successful. To make employees productive both articles suggest that comfort is all-important and that workers will be so much more content in their work and consequently more effective.

This is relevant to our group project because we are trying to improve the workplace so we can now take into account the comfort of the workplace and how the work environment affects the worker, whether beneficially or badly. The outdoor work environment is constantly affected by daylight with the change throughout the day as well as throughout the year. The outdoor work environment is also never constant, it changes from season to season and from year to year. Therefore these articles are relevant to us and useful to look to for research.


R. B. Briner. (2000). Relationships between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being. Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.


L. Edwards and P. Torcellini. (2002). A Literature Review of the Effects of Natural Light on Building Occupants. pp9-16 Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

Technology Bibliography

Wilcox, D . (2012). No Place Like Home GPS shoes. Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

Northamptonshire, a place known for shoe making.  Founded there is the Global Footprint Commission. Designer Dominic Wilcox saw this as a challenge where he would thrive to achieve a creation that had yet to be invented. Taking the idea of transport and ‘The wizard of Oz’ where Dorothy clicked her heals and transported home, came up with the idea of the GPS shoe. These were to be a guide home. First Wilcox came up with the sketches and from there he would need a technician and then a shoe maker to produce the footwear. This is wear Becky Stewart (technician) and Stamp Shoes come in. Between the three skills combined ‘No Place Like Home’ where created.

Wakefield, J. (2012). Wearable tech pioneers aim to track and augment our lives. Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

Early October headline stories included a story about one cyclist who challenged a policeman over his erratic driving, this resulted in cyclists wearing helmets with built in cameras. It had long been expected that technology would being one with man. Nike produced a piece of wearable technology that was able to connect with the users smartphone that would offer an array of information, from the amount of energy burned to the number of steps taken. Sony also released the ‘smarter watch’ which also can connect to the users smartphone all updates within the users smartphone can be directly read upon the face of the watch. Google developed the ‘Autographer’ which can discreetly record the life of the wearer. This piece can be clipped onto a belt, a bag or even a lanyard around the neck. The ‘autographer’ can photograph the events using 5 sensors. It appears that wearable technology is still within the early development stages, however is it most certain to make an appearance in the mainstream industry.

Mycroft, D. (2009). Ten Ways Technology Changed The Outdoors.Available: Last accessed 23rd Oct 2012.

Ten ways that modern has changed the outdoors. This is from clothing, materials such a titanium, ultra-light synthetics. This is a look back from twenty years ago. And that technology to date is still vastly changing, and therefore will affect the outdoors to date. This is relevant as gamekeepers spend most if not all of their day outside, and technology is an issue for them, and since technology has changed this much in twenty years’ time, it can give us an insight into what technology will be like in another twenty years to come.

Lee, D. (2012). When art and tech collide. Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

3beards company gather 50 developers and 50 artists in one room for a weekend, and ask them to create something that is visually interactive. The idea of the project is to turn data into a source of creativity. From there they chose 25 projects to be shown in an art gallery.

Manns, D. (2011). How technology will affect the nature of outdoor .Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

Clear Channel and UM London creative chiefs describe how the use of technology will transform the nature of out-of-home advertising. This is helpful as it gives us an insight into ones opinions about technology and what he thinks will be involved in the evolution of technology outdoors.

Gamekeepers Help in Schools.

So this article is about how game keepers, are becoming teachers and leaving their natural environment  to educate in schools.

“Gamekeepers live close to nature and want to share their love of the natural world with others, especially children, the adults of tomorrow. We have produced the CD – Rom because surveys show that 49 out of every 50 members of the public have never met a gamekeeper face-to-face. Hopefully, it will enable youngsters to gain a better insight into why the countryside is so special to us all. I really hope the children and the teachers enjoy the CD – Rom.”

post from IED interior enviromental design facebook page


Andy posted this video on facebook as 3rd years are doing a project for the workplace2030 competition, I thought it was good to share it .
Year 3 IED students might like to check out this video for the ‘WORKPLACE 2030’ competition