Prototype (2)



A big problem for outdoor workers is over exposure to the sun which can lead to skin cancer. The main way to prevent this is to apply sun cream but it is easily forgotten, especially when it is not warm, as is often the case in scotland. We came up with a watch that is inbuilt with solar panels which detects when the worker has been overexposed to the sun and flashes red and vibrates to tell the worker to apply suncream.

Prototype (1)





Gamekeepers who have to spend time in the countryside away from their families overnight have problems with isolation and loneliness.  What we have come up with is an idea for Gamekeepers to access a video link with their families at home which is projected onto a wall (Like Facetime) which allows them to feel like they have never actually left home.  Therefor, they can carry on with whatever they are doing in their temporary home without feeling like they are missing out on anything at hom whilst they are working away from their family.

Bluffer Medal Review.

This article was the first I came across and I loved it as it was just a quick, easy read on the pro’s and con’s of gamekeeping and the old gamekeeper vs. modern gamekeeper. It is a broad view of everything rolled into one, an interesting, capturing and light view at that.

The main change that has happened is the fact that gamekeeping is not a bureaucracy anymore, gamekeepers are not their own small government anymore, everything they do has to be assessed and certified. This is apparently due to times changing. It is no secret that as times are changing, health and safety rules are increasing and everything has to be done a certain way and this article, the writer looks at this as a positive.

One change that did shock me was nowadays, you have to go to college to become a gamekeeper, whereas years ago, not even that long ago, knowledge would be passed down from older generations. Nowadays, you need qualifications for modern skills to become a gamekeeper and everything is being processed through computers, ‘There are few gamekeepers today who don’t rely heavily on computers and email for the running of their shoot.’ Although this is a good thing, going to college to become a gamekeeper, learning everything you need to know, including health & safety regulations, it also adds extra money, cost and hassle – Is college really as good as learning from the people who have been doing it for years and years? Also technology cannot always be relied on, it does have it’s slip ups, and when that happens, ‘the system fails.’.

Technology is a quickly becoming a larger part in the job as well, ‘sophisticated websites which are their primary means of marketing’, this statement puts emphasis on the impact technology is having worldwide. For gamekeepers in this day and age, radios are used for contacting others, GPS systems are very popular and mobile phones, well everyone has a mobile phone. Which is in complete contrast to how it used to be as when there was no technology, gamekeepers had to make a plan for the day and stick to that plan as there was no way of contacting one another. Technology is very beneficial as it increases the safety on shoots – for example, if an accident happens to someone, they can either be contacted or can contact others via mobile phone, therefore, for safety purposes, technology is a plus.

Gamekeeping has changed tremendously in the last 50 years, back in the early to mid 1900’s – gamekeeping was seen as a way of life, rather than a profession to earn money – nowadays it’s polar opposites, gamekeeping is seen as just another way to put food on the table. Not only has the purpose of the profession changed but the whole premise of gamekeeping has also developed, gone are the days when the sole objective of a gamekeeper was to ‘present(ing) birds for the guns to shoot’ – gamekeepers in the 21st century are expected to deal with a lot more – Public relations, health & safety, marketing, the list goes on. Gamekeeping it seems has moved on from it’s traditional British roots and has morphed to fit in with 21st century thinking – with the advances in technology and stricter regulations on health & safety. The pressure on prospective employers is also much greater, thus demanding the need for gamekeepers to attend college and obtain a degree, rather than just having experience handed down from their relatives, that just doesn’t cut it to progress anywhere in this day and age.

This article focuses on all outdoor jobs as a whole and their hazards all rolled into one, getting straight to the point, it gives the reader information very quickly, outlining and listing the key factors and points – physical, biological and poisonous. It points out that outdoor workers should be trained properly about hazards and what they should know as after all, it is a key part in their job and anything could happen.

Physical factors in this article are very extreme and it explains these factors can lead onto other problems which can lead on to other problems for outdoor workers. The main physical factors seem to be due to the weather – heat, cold, UV light and lightening – which could lead onto very damaging illnesses such as heat stroke, hypothermia, hearing damage in workers ears, skin cancer and even death. ‘Lightning kills about 80 people in the United States each year and injures hundreds’, this fact alone is enough to alarm anyone and what this article does have, is solutions to help prevent these problems. It has health and safety rules and regulations and information on the proper training that is mandatory for workers that work outdoors in the USA which could be life changing to them.

One crucial factor that affects outdoor workers is biological factors which covers living things in the outdoors such as vector-borne diseases – diseases that are transmitted to humans by insects or anthropoids -, insects and poisonous plants. Insects can give workers ticks for example, which can cause Lime disease and workers therefor, have to take off work. Even though this article is based on the United States, and their outdoor workers are exposed to many harmful creatures – insects, snakes etc -, it still applies to any country and worker outdoors, some obviously more harmful then others, but there is always a risk. One specific animal that this article concentrates on is venomous mammals and insects which can cause outdoor workers emergency health care is their body goes into ‘Anaphylactic shock’ after a bite or sting from these venomous creatures. Even though there is training, rules and regulations for these outdoor workers dealing with these venomous creatures, ‘Thousands of people are stung each year, and as many as 40–50 people in the United States die each year from severe allergic reactions’ and therefor, it is still an ongoing issue that may not ever be able to be kept under full control.

Poisonous plants also come under the category of ‘Biological factors’ and can be just as harmful to the outdoor workers as the venomous creatures lurking in the outdoors. These harmful plants can cause skin problems such as skin rashes if brushed against or touched, and also can release harmful toxins which the US’ outdoor workers inhale and harm their lungs, ‘Nearly one-third of forestry workers and firefighters who battle forest fires in California, Oregon, and Washington develop rashes or lung irritations from contact with poison oak’. What this article is lacking, from what I can see is anything to prevent these plant problems and the plants are also ‘dangerous if they are burned’ as there unhealthy chemicals and toxins will be inhaled by the workers.

Overall, this american article is very informative and straight to the point about the issues surrounding outdoor workers and the specific rules and regulations about how to help the problem and to make sure workers have the knowledge to deal with a problem if it arises. In saying that, there are still some clear problems that are difficult to solve but with health and safety rules increasing, maybe in the future, these problems will be able to be solved.

These two article’s are both completely different angles taken on outdoor jobs but both have great relevance on health and safety. One picking out all of the differences and changes on Gamekeeping over the years and the strong contrast of old Gamekeeper vs. modern day Gamekeeper and the other, highlighting the hazardous issues that outdoor workers tackle in the United States of America.

The first article, on Gamekeeping states clearly the changes of the outdoor job through the years and compares the old to the new terms and conditions, such as how technology has evolved and greatly helped the safety of Gamekeepers which is considered to be a very positive thing, Whereas the second article points out physical factors that are hazardous to outdoor workers in the US and are difficult to solve as they are mainly due to the weather, but has a guide and certain training that the workers should know so they now what to do if any physical factors occur. In saying this, they both have both found ways to try and help the situations and problems as best as possible to help their workers.

Gamekeeping has changed dramatically as a job as nowadays you have to go to College to become a gamekeepers, where as before, the noble knowledge was passed down to you by very experienced Gamekeepers and everything has to be certified and graded, once again putting emphasis on the changing times of society, as well as this, health and safety rules are always being increased being heavily enforced upon. Whereas in the USA, even though there are lots of hazards outside, that could potentially need emergency medical assistance, they still send them out to work but with knowledge on what to do, they get on with it.

All in all, these two articles emphasis how times are changing, rules and restrictions, terms and conditions and hazards effect the outdoor worker on a day to day basis. They have to know about their job and what to do in certain situations otherwise it could potentially be life threatening. Due to all the risks, this cold be the reason why Health and Safety rules and regulations are always increasing, the list is always getting larger and more and more laws come into place. Due to certain factors, this is possibly a good reason but as years go by, the world is evolving for the better, and as we get to be more knowledgable about our planet, we should maybe put more trust in our outdoor employees than putting increasing restrictions on them.

Anonymous . (19 November 2008). The changing role of the keeper . Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health . (2011).HAZARDS TO OUTDOOR WORKERS. Available: Last accessed 31st Oct 2012.


(1) Anonymus . (19 November 2008). The changing role of the keeper . Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

A modern gamekeeper now has to gain a certificate of competency in health and safety for so many more aspects of his profession, whether it is meat hygiene, driving ATVs or using a chainsaw.” confirms what I found out when asking Gordon Bradley about his Gamekeeping experiences over the years, “Health and Safety continues to impact the job. For example, if working with any equipment I have to be officially trained before doing so and then certified. This applies to chain saws, quad bikes and clothing.” From this information, there seems to be a good side and a bad side to all of these Health and Safety rules and regulations, all these new safety rules means that to even use a chainsaw for example, you have to have to go on a course and receive a certificate, which costs more money then one may think, which is something Gordon Bradley looked as a negative, “There is a time and cost element to this aspect of the job”. On the other hand, “It has probably helped improve standards” but “whether there are fewer accidents now as a result is debatable. It’s a sign of the times, I suppose.” This suggests that a lot of gamekeepers feel the same way about the Health and Safety rules and how times have changed, it’s all very, dramatic. Maybe not worth all the fuss.

(2)Anonymus . (12 August 2008). Top tips to safeguard our gamekeepers.Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

This article expresses its concern on safety amongst the Gamekeeper community. It highlights the jobs that Gamekeepers undertake and what they should be doing in order to be very safe, “Training..Weather protection..First Aid training..Water” and all this training is provided by the Health and Safety Executive. This concern the HSE seem to have maybe shows that people are worried that Gamekeepers are at great risk with what they do and in the future, health and safety will be increased even more.

(3)Anonymus . (15 August 2012). Modern Gamekeeping – a must read for gamekeepers. Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

The gamekeeping, game farming and game dealing industries make a massive contribution to the £2billion income created by the shooting industry each year”, very interesting fact. This magazine emphasises the future of game keeping, even though the job is old, most things about it are evolving, even the gamekeepers themselves, with Smartphones for example. They can get the best deals and know whats going on with one click. The app apparently helps with Health and Safety rules too: Keep disease under control with the best veterinary advice, observe best practice in action, and pick up tips from other working gamekeepers, stay informed about developments in new equipment and tackle vermin and predators efficiently. Gives an idea on where this, as a job is going.

(4)Charlie Gall. (August 25th, 2011).Gamekeepers in new safety call after shooting tragedy. Available: Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

Stories like these make organisations like the HSE slam down on safety rules. A lot of people complain or criticise the non stop increasing Health and Safety rules but when stories such as the above happen, it backs up why this is happening. The negative though is that this is only one incident that happened, a rare incident that wasn’t meant to happen and does not apply to all trainee Gamekeepers.

(5)University of Hertfordshire. (2006). Health and Safety. Available: Last accessed 22nd Oct 2012.

This is a clear outline of all the health and safety hazards out there, laws and reports on the Agriculture department as a whole. Although this was updated last in 2006, it gives a good idea of everything altogether as from then until now, they have just built more on to this Agricultural documentation, the fundamentals are always there to stay.

(6) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health . (2011).HAZARDS TO OUTDOOR WORKERS. Available: Last accessed 31st Oct 2012.

This article outlines the the hazards of outdoor workers clearly and quickly, including physical, biological and poisonous hazards. Even though this is coming from an American point of view, it is interesting and a lot of those factors still apply the UK outdoor workers and states how hazardous an outdoor job can be. I found this to be a very helpful article as it got straight to the point of current issues and quickly gave me the information I needed.

Article of Types of Problems of The Gamekeeping Profession

An article on a gamekeeper who got in an accident at work and didn’t get recognised as missing for 52 hours.

This article is an example of the types of problems that gamekeepers face which link into health and safety. Even though there are increasing health and safety rules, problems still occur. Maybe this accident could be categorised as self inflicted but the fact that he was not noticed for 52 hours is worrying.