Clothing For Outdoor Workers Bibliography by Hannah Pexton

Outdoor Workers: Clothing .  Bibliography

Article by Charlie Norton- ‘The man who fell to Earth: The daredevil who freefalls from space’
(October 2012) – http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/moslive/article-2155318/Felix-Baumgartner-Daredevil-freefalls-space-Earth.html

This article is about Felix Baumgartner who freefalls 23 miles from space. Although most of the article isn’t very relevant to the usual clothing for outdoor workers, it talks about the survival suit he wore. It explains the different parts of the suit which were taken into consideration for the environment he would be in. I feel this is relevant to us, as no matter the condition, outdoor workers should have the right clothing to suit the environment.

 

Article by Ian Sample- ‘Spray-on Clothing Becomes A Reality’ (September 2010) – http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/sep/16/spray-on-clothing-t-shirt

Website: http://www.fabricanltd.com/medical.php

This article talks about the fashion designer, Manel Torres, who has teamed with scientists at Imperial College London and invented spray on fabric. As it is quick to spray onto the body, I felt this article is relevant to us as this spray on fabric could be twisted in a way which makes it useful for outdoor workers- for example, making it waterproof.

 

Article by oceanrodeo.com – ‘The Soul Drysuit’ (April 2012) – http://www.iksurfmag.com/issue35/?page=147

This article talks about the new ‘Soul Drysuit’ which has been put through many different intensive tests on the different aspects of the drysuit. They have investigated their older products and made many new improvements to them and produced this new, improved product. This article is relevant to us as it is a product for offshore workers; we are not just looking at onshore workers. It is a very good piece for anyone who spends all day on the water.

 

Article by Soldier Systems- ‘US Army Camouflage Improvement Effort Still Going Strong’ (June 2012) –  http://soldiersystems.net/2012/06/30/us-army-camouflage-improvement-effort-still-going-strong/

This article talks of how the US Army is trying to improve the visual aspect of the uniform and also lower the cost of it. This article is relevant as it highlights that not only is wearability an issue for people, but also is the cost can be an issue.

 

 

 

Article by Amby Burfoot – ‘New Study Favors Forefoot Strike’ (June 2012)  – http://news.runnersworld.com/2012/06/20/new-study-favors-forefoot-strike/

This article is about the study of the injuries obtained from normal trainers, compared to the decrease in injuries when wearing minimalist shoes.  This article is relevant to us as it is a study on improving the comfort and decreasing the many injuries outdoor workers who are constantly on their feet can suffer from.

 

Article by Charles Parsons – ‘Indura Ultrasoft Flame Resistant Fabrics’ (March 2010)- http://www.smarterclothing.com.au/Page2.aspx?Category=1&Element=460

Safety is a big issue when working outdoors such as with electricity. Clothing can help to prevent burns and safety issues by improving their durability and using the right fabrics.  This article relates to us as it talks of how they are improving the fabrics used by outdoor workers by improving the comfort, durability, wash stability and most importantly- protection.

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Bluffer Medal Review ……

Northamptonshire, a place known for shoe making.  Founded there is the Global Footprint Commission. Designer Dominic Wilcox saw this as a challenge where he would thrive to achieve a creation that had yet to be invented. Taking the idea of transport and ‘The wizard of Oz’ where Dorothy clicked her heals and transported home, came up with the idea of the GPS shoe. These were to be a guide home. First Wilcox came up with the sketches and from there he would need a technician and then a shoe maker to produce the footwear. This is wear Becky Stewart (technician) and Stamp Shoes come in. Between the three skills combined ‘No Place Like Home’ where created. “Dominic Wilcox has created a fully functional prototype pair of shoes that will guide you home no matter where you are in the world.” Within the shoes is a piece of software where the user can selected the appropriate destination which is then uploaded through the USB to the shoes, both shoes communicate with one another to reveal the current destination of the user and then offer a direction that the user can then take to get themselves to the approved destination that they have selected. Arduinios is a microcontroller that the shoes are built around. “I chose mini LED lights as they needed to be visible outdoor in sunlight. There were other alternatives like digital displays but given the distance from the eyes these LED’s seemed the best option.” With a magnet in one shoe and a sensor in the other, this can detect when the magnet is in close range and manages to communicate with the other shoe that the heels have been clicked to start the GPS system. Helping the wearer get to their selected destination.

 

 

Early October a story had manage to make its way to the headlines involving a cyclist who was challenging a policeman over the way he was driving. Not unheard of, the cyclist was documenting the encounter through a camera which had been placed upon his helmet. As predicted technology is making its way to onto a person’s body becoming one with the user. People need to be connected with their technical devices. Devices that are constantly updating the user on their average day are becoming more common, this was the inspiration behind a piece of “wearable tech” released earlier this year by Nike. A band which records the movements of the wearers day synchs to their smartphone offering a variety of data from the number of calories burned to the number of steps they have taken. This method of ‘Exercise’ has sported some unusual habits, which commuters being spotted walking up and down steps repeatedly walking up and down stairs within a public transport station in order to reach the goal they have achieved.  Recently Sony have released a new generation of watches, which relate to smartphones, these are known as SMARTERWATCHES. This piece of tech gets synched up with your Android Smartphones, and when the user receives a new call, texts etc. it allows the user to read the message upon the face of the watch. A piece of technology that google have developed that helps record the lives of the user. Five sensors located upon the device based upon light, motion, direction, colour and temperature; document the lives through the use of photos. This device can be clipped onto a lanyard so that the user will not find themselves behind the lens of a camera, or mobile phone during an occasion. The Autographer, can take approx. 2,000 pictures a day and has a 136 degree wide angle lens. It had grown out of a piece of equipment designed for medical use for Alzheimer patients. This device has grabbed the attention of photographers who has seen potential in the device to work alongside their traditional SLR cameras. “Especially with children, you can get some really candid shots when they don’t realise the camera is there,”

 

Technology is vastly growing and become a main influence in the modern day world. However there are companies specifically focusing on technology for enjoyment, which can be developed slightly just to make it help the user in their day to day lives. There isn’t enough technology like The Autographer that can help patients who go through illnesses, and struggling to live their lives. Technology is taking away from the hands on approach which is then straying people to become more lazy and unhinged from the world. I find even myself so addicted to technology that I am not acknowledging what is going on in front of my own eyes, and I’m missing pieces of relevant information pass by without realising it because my mind is to developed into my smartphone. “Schoolchildren can use an iPhone but cannot tie their shoelaces, poll finds” is an article I found whilst searching for my reviews. I found this information shocking but yet interesting. Surely companies must know this and yet have not done anything to improve it.

Wilcox, D . (2012). No Place Like Home GPS shoes. Available: http://www.dominicwilcox.com/gpsshoes.htm. Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

Wakefield, J. (2012). Wearable tech pioneers aim to track and augment our lives. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-19664161. Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/9122180/Schoolchildren-can-use-an-iPhone-but-cannot-tie-their-shoelaces-poll-finds.html#

Bibliography

Bibliography – Transport

Article by Unknown Auther  -‘The electric car — a green transport revolution in the making?’ (Last modified – Oct 12, 2011)
http://www.eea.europa.eu/articles/the-electric-car-2014-a-green-transport-revolution-in-the-making

This article is about looking at the way of electric technology within cars and looking at how it could be possible for a electric car to not be introduced as a new type of fuel but a complete new technology. It looks at the differences of electric to normal fuels but not only lists the advantages of an electric car but also the disadvantages. One of the disadvantages that has been listed is that the energy to power electric cars won’t necessarily come from green energy and could still be produced in other ways. This article is relevant because it presents new ideas for transport that could be changed to make it more suitable for the environment and also cost effective for traveling workmen.

Article by Ikram Junaidi  -‘Transport fares not fair, complain commuters’ (Last modified – Oct 29, 2012)
http://dawn.com/2012/10/30/transport-fares-not-fair-complain-commuters/

This article is looking more into the costing of transport and how the fees to use public transport remain high even with fuel costs constant variation and looking at the way in which people are wanting to use public transport because the high cost and how nothing seems to be going down in price but the income isn’t getting any higher to compensate for this. This is relevant and relates to the cost of getting to work and looking at a way of decreasing transport costs to find a way of being convenient and cost effective.

Article by Bangalore -‘Revamp transport to ensure better public health’ (Last modified – Oct 29, 2012)
http://www.deccanherald.com/content/288752/revamp-transport-ensure-better-public.html

This article looks at the idea of how unclean public transport can cause bad health from the transferring of germs. This mainly looks at the idea that bad air circulation on public transport can cause a transfer of germs. This is something that could be looked at because less people would be wanting to use public transport if they know it is going to constantly make them ill. Also looking at the idea of anyone can travel within public transport so the idea if a healthcare worker had to be exposed to the germs on public transport is quite bad because it can cause spreading of disease within delicate health workplaces.

Article by Stephen Evans -‘Is Berlin the safest city to be a cyclist?’ (Last Modified – 4 November 2012)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-20068083

This article looks at the way in which berlin is safer to cycle in aposed to some of the big cities in the world and how cyclists arn’t really considered in other places like london and new york because of the heavy amounts of traffic and the way motor drivers will yell towards cyclists on the roads. The city has had a cycling boom because of the way cycling was promoted back in 2005. This article relates to our project because of the points put across in that bigger cites don’t really have cyclists because of the way they are viewed by road users and this could be something to look at on the way cycling is a green way of travel and should be considered.

Article by Simona Sikimic -‘Commuter chaos coming to London’ (Last modified – 3 November 2012)
http://www.londonlovesbusiness.com/business-news/london-transport/commuter-chaos-coming-to-london/3771.article

This looks at the redevelopment of the london tower bridge and the modifications coming next year for the way it is going to affect transport into and around london. With the bridge being one of the main connections around the city. This is also a positive because of the fact the transport agency are looking at ways to make transport easier and once the redevelopment is done then it should be better for commuters. This project is one of the biggest transport projects ever undertaken and hopefully will have better results once complete. This relates to the project at it looks at the way redevelopments are being done for the commuter and how a better experience might affect the mood of the worker.

Bluffer Medal Review.

This article was the first I came across and I loved it as it was just a quick, easy read on the pro’s and con’s of gamekeeping and the old gamekeeper vs. modern gamekeeper. It is a broad view of everything rolled into one, an interesting, capturing and light view at that.

The main change that has happened is the fact that gamekeeping is not a bureaucracy anymore, gamekeepers are not their own small government anymore, everything they do has to be assessed and certified. This is apparently due to times changing. It is no secret that as times are changing, health and safety rules are increasing and everything has to be done a certain way and this article, the writer looks at this as a positive.

One change that did shock me was nowadays, you have to go to college to become a gamekeeper, whereas years ago, not even that long ago, knowledge would be passed down from older generations. Nowadays, you need qualifications for modern skills to become a gamekeeper and everything is being processed through computers, ‘There are few gamekeepers today who don’t rely heavily on computers and email for the running of their shoot.’ Although this is a good thing, going to college to become a gamekeeper, learning everything you need to know, including health & safety regulations, it also adds extra money, cost and hassle – Is college really as good as learning from the people who have been doing it for years and years? Also technology cannot always be relied on, it does have it’s slip ups, and when that happens, ‘the system fails.’.

Technology is a quickly becoming a larger part in the job as well, ‘sophisticated websites which are their primary means of marketing’, this statement puts emphasis on the impact technology is having worldwide. For gamekeepers in this day and age, radios are used for contacting others, GPS systems are very popular and mobile phones, well everyone has a mobile phone. Which is in complete contrast to how it used to be as when there was no technology, gamekeepers had to make a plan for the day and stick to that plan as there was no way of contacting one another. Technology is very beneficial as it increases the safety on shoots – for example, if an accident happens to someone, they can either be contacted or can contact others via mobile phone, therefore, for safety purposes, technology is a plus.

Gamekeeping has changed tremendously in the last 50 years, back in the early to mid 1900’s – gamekeeping was seen as a way of life, rather than a profession to earn money – nowadays it’s polar opposites, gamekeeping is seen as just another way to put food on the table. Not only has the purpose of the profession changed but the whole premise of gamekeeping has also developed, gone are the days when the sole objective of a gamekeeper was to ‘present(ing) birds for the guns to shoot’ – gamekeepers in the 21st century are expected to deal with a lot more – Public relations, health & safety, marketing, the list goes on. Gamekeeping it seems has moved on from it’s traditional British roots and has morphed to fit in with 21st century thinking – with the advances in technology and stricter regulations on health & safety. The pressure on prospective employers is also much greater, thus demanding the need for gamekeepers to attend college and obtain a degree, rather than just having experience handed down from their relatives, that just doesn’t cut it to progress anywhere in this day and age.

This article focuses on all outdoor jobs as a whole and their hazards all rolled into one, getting straight to the point, it gives the reader information very quickly, outlining and listing the key factors and points – physical, biological and poisonous. It points out that outdoor workers should be trained properly about hazards and what they should know as after all, it is a key part in their job and anything could happen.

Physical factors in this article are very extreme and it explains these factors can lead onto other problems which can lead on to other problems for outdoor workers. The main physical factors seem to be due to the weather – heat, cold, UV light and lightening – which could lead onto very damaging illnesses such as heat stroke, hypothermia, hearing damage in workers ears, skin cancer and even death. ‘Lightning kills about 80 people in the United States each year and injures hundreds’, this fact alone is enough to alarm anyone and what this article does have, is solutions to help prevent these problems. It has health and safety rules and regulations and information on the proper training that is mandatory for workers that work outdoors in the USA which could be life changing to them.

One crucial factor that affects outdoor workers is biological factors which covers living things in the outdoors such as vector-borne diseases – diseases that are transmitted to humans by insects or anthropoids -, insects and poisonous plants. Insects can give workers ticks for example, which can cause Lime disease and workers therefor, have to take off work. Even though this article is based on the United States, and their outdoor workers are exposed to many harmful creatures – insects, snakes etc -, it still applies to any country and worker outdoors, some obviously more harmful then others, but there is always a risk. One specific animal that this article concentrates on is venomous mammals and insects which can cause outdoor workers emergency health care is their body goes into ‘Anaphylactic shock’ after a bite or sting from these venomous creatures. Even though there is training, rules and regulations for these outdoor workers dealing with these venomous creatures, ‘Thousands of people are stung each year, and as many as 40–50 people in the United States die each year from severe allergic reactions’ and therefor, it is still an ongoing issue that may not ever be able to be kept under full control.

Poisonous plants also come under the category of ‘Biological factors’ and can be just as harmful to the outdoor workers as the venomous creatures lurking in the outdoors. These harmful plants can cause skin problems such as skin rashes if brushed against or touched, and also can release harmful toxins which the US’ outdoor workers inhale and harm their lungs, ‘Nearly one-third of forestry workers and firefighters who battle forest fires in California, Oregon, and Washington develop rashes or lung irritations from contact with poison oak’. What this article is lacking, from what I can see is anything to prevent these plant problems and the plants are also ‘dangerous if they are burned’ as there unhealthy chemicals and toxins will be inhaled by the workers.

Overall, this american article is very informative and straight to the point about the issues surrounding outdoor workers and the specific rules and regulations about how to help the problem and to make sure workers have the knowledge to deal with a problem if it arises. In saying that, there are still some clear problems that are difficult to solve but with health and safety rules increasing, maybe in the future, these problems will be able to be solved.

These two article’s are both completely different angles taken on outdoor jobs but both have great relevance on health and safety. One picking out all of the differences and changes on Gamekeeping over the years and the strong contrast of old Gamekeeper vs. modern day Gamekeeper and the other, highlighting the hazardous issues that outdoor workers tackle in the United States of America.

The first article, on Gamekeeping states clearly the changes of the outdoor job through the years and compares the old to the new terms and conditions, such as how technology has evolved and greatly helped the safety of Gamekeepers which is considered to be a very positive thing, Whereas the second article points out physical factors that are hazardous to outdoor workers in the US and are difficult to solve as they are mainly due to the weather, but has a guide and certain training that the workers should know so they now what to do if any physical factors occur. In saying this, they both have both found ways to try and help the situations and problems as best as possible to help their workers.

Gamekeeping has changed dramatically as a job as nowadays you have to go to College to become a gamekeepers, where as before, the noble knowledge was passed down to you by very experienced Gamekeepers and everything has to be certified and graded, once again putting emphasis on the changing times of society, as well as this, health and safety rules are always being increased being heavily enforced upon. Whereas in the USA, even though there are lots of hazards outside, that could potentially need emergency medical assistance, they still send them out to work but with knowledge on what to do, they get on with it.

All in all, these two articles emphasis how times are changing, rules and restrictions, terms and conditions and hazards effect the outdoor worker on a day to day basis. They have to know about their job and what to do in certain situations otherwise it could potentially be life threatening. Due to all the risks, this cold be the reason why Health and Safety rules and regulations are always increasing, the list is always getting larger and more and more laws come into place. Due to certain factors, this is possibly a good reason but as years go by, the world is evolving for the better, and as we get to be more knowledgable about our planet, we should maybe put more trust in our outdoor employees than putting increasing restrictions on them.

Anonymous . (19 November 2008). The changing role of the keeper . Available: http://www.shootingtimes.co.uk/features/282666/The_changing_role_of_the_keeper.html. Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health . (2011).HAZARDS TO OUTDOOR WORKERS. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/outdoor/. Last accessed 31st Oct 2012.

 Bibliography -Outdoor Work- Economy and Legalisation

Anonymous. (2012). The Gamekeeper: Professional Countryside Manager. Available: http://www.basc.org.uk/en/departments/game-and-gamekeeping/gamekeeping/the-gamekeeper-professional-countryside-manager.cfm. Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

 ‘The British Association for shooting and Conservation’ website includes text which helps the understanding of an outdoor worker.  I feel there is relevant information within this article as it contains information on economy. This article explains the vast amount of hectares that Gamekeepers have to cover, which works out to be 1,460 hectares per Gamekeeper within the UK. The article then explores the qualities of the Gamekeeper which includes their input of their own money .This helps to understand that Gamekeepers are struggling with economy by having to reduce workers and feed their own hard earned money into their work and society.

Cheryl Hewitt. (2012). Road Workers. Available: http://bearscot.com/Careers/1351/Roadworkers/. Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

This website contains the skills and offers given to this companies workers. This information is relevant because it allows room to discover what is missed and what legalisations are beneficial and could be further developed.

Anonymous. (2012). The Outdoor Recreation Economy. Available: http://www.outdoorindustry.org/images/researchfiles/OIA_OutdoorRecEconomyReport2012.pdf. Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

This website is full of information regarding outdoor workers. It contains economy information statistics and facts. This article explains that within the USA there are many goals to improve the outdoor workplace as the writer explains the potential of economy, social and health benefits of outdoor recreation.  This article further explains its relevance within outdoor workers as there is a general goal to demand for highly skilled outdoor workers especially in areas like technology. ‘Americans spend nearly as much on snow sports ($ 853 billion) As they do on internet access ($54 billion)’.

Anonymous. (.). Work Equipment. Available: http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/work-equipment/working-equipment.aspx. Last accessed 19th Oct 2012.

 This website contains information regarding legalisation within working environments and information about equipment and training. I find this useful as it covers information within many jobs and contains ways to improve and to look into legalisation.

Anonymous. (.). Industry Topics- Road Worker Safety. Available: http://www.htma.co.uk/smartweb/hot-topics/road-worker-safety. Last accessed 20th Oct 2012.

This article expresses the problems which many wish to tackle within road worker safety to lower the risks of the workers. This information is relevant as it discusses laws. The hopes of many road workers are to change the law of road users in order to improve workers safety. There are ideas of approaching the government to make new laws and adapting the environment which road workers work in.

Pinsent Mason. (2010). Legal news and guidance from Pinsent Masons. Available: http://www.out-law.com/page-10643. Last accessed 20th Oct 2012.

This article contains information about legalisation and ideas that should be taken forward to become the new laws of today. I find this article beneficial not because of its direct relevance to outdoor work but because of the ideas it triggers off. Laws should be enforced to ensure that outdoor workers do not have to work in difficult temperatures or an idea to be developed which would help this issue.

Bibliography

Outdoor Workers: Clothing .  Bibliography

Article by Charlie Norton- ‘The man who fell to Earth: The daredevil who freefalls from space’
(October 2012) – http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/moslive/article-2155318/Felix-Baumgartner-Daredevil-freefalls-space-Earth.html

This article is about Felix Baumgartner who freefalls 23 miles from space. Although most of the article isn’t very relevant to the usual clothing for outdoor workers, it talks about the survival suit he wore. It explains the different parts of the suit which were taken into consideration for the environment he would be in. I feel this is relevant to us, as no matter the condition, outdoor workers should have the right clothing to suit the environment.

 

Article by Ian Sample- ‘Spray-on Clothing Becomes A Reality’ (September 2010) – http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/sep/16/spray-on-clothing-t-shirt

This article talks about the fashion designer, Manel Torres, who has teamed with scientists at Imperial College London and invented spray on fabric. As it is quick to spray onto the body, I felt this article is relevant to us as this spray on fabric could be twisted in a way which makes it useful for outdoor workers- for example, making it waterproof.

 

Article by oceanrodeo.com – ‘The Soul Drysuit’ (April 2012) – http://www.iksurfmag.com/issue35/?page=147

This article talks about the new ‘Soul Drysuit’ which has been put through many different intensive tests on the different aspects of the drysuit. They have investigated their older products and made many new improvements to them and produced this new, improved product. This article is relevant to us as it is a product for offshore workers; we are not just looking at onshore workers. It is a very good piece for anyone who spends all day on the water.

 

Article by Soldier Systems- ‘US Army Camouflage Improvement Effort Still Going Strong’ (June 2012) –  http://soldiersystems.net/2012/06/30/us-army-camouflage-improvement-effort-still-going-strong/

This article talks of how the US Army is trying to improve the visual aspect of the uniform and also lower the cost of it. This article is relevant as it highlights that not only is wearability an issue for people, but also is the cost can be an issue.

 

Article by Amby Burfoot – ‘New Study Favors Forefoot Strike’ (June 2012)  – http://news.runnersworld.com/2012/06/20/new-study-favors-forefoot-strike/

This article is about the study of the injuries obtained from normal trainers, compared to the decrease in injuries when wearing minimalist shoes.  This article is relevant to us as it is a study on improving the comfort and decreasing the many injuries outdoor workers who are constantly on their feet can suffer from.

 

Article by Charles Parsons – ‘Indura Ultrasoft Flame Resistant Fabrics’ (March 2010)- http://www.smarterclothing.com.au/Page2.aspx?Category=1&Element=460

Safety is a big issue when working outdoors such as with electricity. Clothing can help to prevent burns and safety issues by improving their durability and using the right fabrics.  This article relates to us as it talks of how they are improving the fabrics used by outdoor workers by improving the comfort, durability, wash stability and most importantly- protection.

 

(Bibliography) How weather affects outdoor workers.

WEATHER ISSUES

Aimee Hosler. (September 19, 2012). Office Temperatures Affect Worker Productivity. Available: http://www.citytowninfo.com/career-and-education-news/articles/office-temperatures-affect-worker-productivity-12091901. Last accessed 19/10/12.

Weather not only affects outdoor workers, this article talk about how temperature could also affect office workers and productivity.

 CUPE. (AUG 28, 2011). Cold weather hazards. Available: http://cupe.ca/health-and-safety/Cold_Weather_Hazards. Last accessed 19/10/12.

This articles talks about how cold is rightly regarded by many workers as a hazard. Lowering of temperatures either outdoors or indoors causes not only general physical discomfort, but a loss of dexterity, energy and alertness. It can also lead to severe physical damage and death.

ks1resources. (2006). PDF How does the weather affect people and their jobs?. Available: http://www.ks1resources.co.uk/thumbs-62-2.pdf. Last accessed 19/10/12.

These document slides are extracts from actual letters from real people in real jobs helping  Y2 children with their “how weather affect us” topic .Their replies were in response to individual letters sent out by each child in the class.

Lee, Jooa Julia; Gino, Francesca; Staats, Bradley R.. (July 2012).Rainmakers: Why Bad Weather Means Good Productivity. Available: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:9299650. Last accessed 19/10/12.

Most people believe that bad weather conditions reduce productivity. In this research the authors predict and find just the opposite. Using empirical data the research demonstrates that weather conditions influence one’s  own cognition and focus. For indoor work contexts. worker productivity is higher on bad rather than good weather days by reducing the potential for cognitive distractions

Richard Kithil, President & CEO, NLSI. (July 2012). Good Lightning Shelters For Outdoor Workers. Available:http://www.lightningsafety.com/nlsi_pls/outdoor_worker_shelters.html. Last accessed 19/10/12.

temporary shelters solutions for outside workers.Sudden thunderstorms may bring an urgency for outdoor workers to cease work and quickly relocate to refuge. Metal shipping containers (also known as Conex containers or MilVans) can be easily modified to become cheap, effective, portable, and rapidly deployable shelters to protect the workers.

 WLWT News 5. (07/12/2010). Outdoor Workers Cope With Frigid Cold.Available: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0OUIhWAaNBI. Last accessed 19/10/12. WESH 2 News. ( 14/06/2010). Heat Tough On Outdoor Workers.Available: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=StFhnwScI_Q. Last accessed 19/10/12.

A couple of videos extracted from the news, showing how outdoor workers face problems under cold and hot temperatures.

 

Literary Review on the effects the work environment has on workers.

Relationships between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being by R. B. Briner talks about how different factors in the workplace can affect the workers. It talks about how the physical work environment can affect the worker in different ways, some more apparent than others. Worry about safety and social interaction can affect the worker psychologically as well as stress caused by noise. It also talks about how many factors outside of work can affect the worker during the work period. The main focus of the article is in fact on how stress caused by variable factors at work can badly affect the psychological well-being of employees and therefore it would be beneficial for employers to pay attention to the factors which contribute to stress. Employers with make the workplace less stressful would benefit greatly as it would increase productivity among there staff and ergo they would have a more successful workforce which can’t help but lead to a more successful company.

It talks about several psychological models and how they are used to look at the psychological well-being of workers and how they are affected. The article uses these to back itself up, so it isn’t just one person’s opinion. Though it also suggests that these models aren’t all conclusive and that they all have limitations and therefore there is no way of understanding the relationship between work environment, the psychological environment and psychological well-being quite fully. The writer also uses a lot of references to back himself up so we can be sure that he isn’t just writing on opinion alone. And although the article is extensive, it lacks depth in all of the points it makes which makes it hard to follow and the reader lacks a full knowledge of the subject.

 

A Literature Review of the Effects of Natural Light on Building Occupants by L. Edwards and P. Torcellini talks about the many benefits that companies get from installing daylight technology. The article says that having daylight in the office increases employee health by decreasing headaches, SAD and eyestrain. It also suggests that plants in the office or views of natural landscape lowers blood pressure as it helps them to relax and increases employee attentiveness. Workers take less time off work, have more job satisfaction and motivation and because of this more people want to work in the buildings with the increased daylight. Daylight increases attention and alertness which increases productivity. Companies using daylight technology save money because employees work more effectively, take fewer sicks days and stay at the company longer. The cost of installing daylight technology into the workplace or building offices with more windows is less than the company would save and make from doing this, so it is far more cost affective than leaving workplaces as they are. The article also says that a lack of windows can lead to feelings of isolation, claustrophobia and depression.

However the article also says that companies can use daylighting wrongly and that it can effect the worker badly. If the light is too bright it can cause glare and over heating. Employees need to be comfortable to work well so lighting that is either too high or low reduce comfort greatly and therefore reduce productivity.

The article uses a lot of examples of real companies to back up it’s points so it is reliable as a source. However the article repeats itself a lot and gives a lot of examples which, although they prove it’s point, the number of examples are unnecessary and just bulk it out without giving any more insight into what the article is talking about.

 

It is clear from these two articles that the environment an employee works in greatly effects the worker. Whether it is the lighting or the stress brought on by the workplace, the worker is effected in a number of ways. The first article could have gone into it’s examples more but the second maybe gave too many detailed examples which were unnecessary. The workplace can effect the worker enough to hinder or enhance the work satisfaction and therefore the productivity of the worker. If companies took in how much the work environment and daylight effects the worker and changed the workplace to improve it with these factors in mind they would have happier, more productive workers and they would make more money and be more successful. To make employees productive both articles suggest that comfort is all-important and that workers will be so much more content in their work and consequently more effective.

This is relevant to our group project because we are trying to improve the workplace so we can now take into account the comfort of the workplace and how the work environment affects the worker, whether beneficially or badly. The outdoor work environment is constantly affected by daylight with the change throughout the day as well as throughout the year. The outdoor work environment is also never constant, it changes from season to season and from year to year. Therefore these articles are relevant to us and useful to look to for research.

 

R. B. Briner. (2000). Relationships between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being. Available: http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/5/299.full.pdf. Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.

 

L. Edwards and P. Torcellini. (2002). A Literature Review of the Effects of Natural Light on Building Occupants. pp9-16 Available: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy02osti/30769.pdf. Last accessed 18th Oct 2012.